If you own annuities, this article is a must read! If you intend to buy annuities, read this article before you buy. It should be noted that most insurance companies have many annuity products, each a bit different. There are literally thousands of possibilities. In spite of all the possibilities, the type of annuity most often sold is a "deferred annuity," the subject of this article.
Why do so many people buy deferred annuities? Because they are charmed by the annuity salesman's standard industry sales pitch. Remember, almost all American taxpayers hate paying taxes.
Knowing this, the insurance industry teaches its sales people to highlight that earnings (on the amount invested in the annuity) are tax deferred. This means that when the value of your annuity account goes up (really profits), no tax is due on those profits until you actually take the funds.
This sounds great, but unfortunately two sad facts haunt every deferred annuity: you bought a lousy insurance policy and you created a tax trap.
Here's what Ken Fisher, author of the "Portfolio Strategy" for 30 years in Forbes says, "The vast majority of annuities are really complicated insurance policies that make it very difficult to fully understand the implications and unintended consequences.
And once you buy into an annuity, it can be a very difficult and potentially, very costly investment decision to reverse."
Let's explore the two sad facts, one at a time, using Joe as an example.
Lousy insurance policy
Joe, a healthy 60-years-old, buys a $500,000 deferred annuity. When Joe goes to heaven, the annuity is worth $960,000 (includes a $460,000 profit). The beneficiary of Joe's annuity is his son Sam. Yes, Sam gets the full $960,000.
But wait, if Joe had purchased a life insurance policy with that $500,000 as a single premium, the death benefit — free from income tax and estate tax — would be in the $2 million range.
Worse yet, the entire $960,000 is subject to estate tax in Joe's estate... also the $460,000 profit is taxable income in the year Joe dies. Double-taxed. Ouch! Here is an interesting fact: studies every year show that over 90% of all deferred annuities are held (never annuitized) until the owner's death, like Joe above.
Scott (a real-client) is 75-years-old and in good health. Scott owns an annuity that cost him $734,916 and has a current value of $2,015,749 (so has a deferred profit of $1,280,833). Suppose Scott gets hit by the proverbial bus. He's in heaven.
Because of the crazy new income tax rates under Obamacare, income from annuities are subject to a top "unearned income tax rate" of 39.6% and an additional "surcharge" of 3.8%. That's a total tax rate of 43.4% on the $1,280,833 deferred profit. So, what's the income tax burden? $555,882.
Outrageous! Wait, there's more to this tax horror story! The value of the annuity (less the income tax burden) is subject to a 40% estate tax. The tax liabilities — income and estate — will only get worse as time goes by as the value of the annuity continues to grow. Simply put, the double tax liability ($1,139,829) will never go away... only increase. You are in a tax trap my friend
We have used the following strategy many times to escape the tragic deferred annuity tax consequences. It is a simple two-step process.
Step No. 1: Annuitize the annuity value ($2,015,749)... The insurance company agreed to pay Scott $170,968 (annual annuity) every year, for as long as he lives.
Step No. 2: By law a portion of Scott's annual annuity is subject to income tax. We used the after-tax annuity amount ($123,461) to pay the annual premium on a life insurance policy on Scott for $2,681,166. All tax-free: no income tax according to the Internal Revenue Code... no estate tax because the policy is owned by an irrevocable life insurance trust.
What's so cool about this strategy is that as long as Scott lives, he is guaranteed to collect the annuity and will always have funds to pay his insurance premium.
A few important things:
Scott's tax-free insurance proceeds $2,681,166
After-tax value of deferred annuity 875,920
Increase in after-tax amount (Wow!) $1,805,246
In a 43.4% income tax bracket and 40% estate tax bracket you must earn $2,944,641 to leave your family $1,000,000. So, you can see the above increase of $1,805,246 gives about the same after-tax results as earning about $5.4 million. Lesson learned: stay out of double-tax situations, like deferred annuities.
The above strategy works for one life (you are single or, if a couple, only one spouse is insurable) or two lives (second-to-die insurance for husband and wife).
I twisted my insurance guru's arm, so he agreed to review the possibilities for readers of this column who own annuities. Just two rules: you should own $500,000 or more in annuities (current value) that have not been annuitized, and if single you are insurable, or if married at least one spouse (or both) is insurable.
If you are interested please send me the following info: full name and birthday for those to be insured; your address and all phone numbers (business, cell, home) where you can be
reached; a list of your annuities (only those not annuitized... just name of insurance company, original cost and current value). Send the above info to Irv Blackman, Annuity Strategies, 4545 W. Touhy Ave., #602, Lincolnwood, Ill., 60712.
Irv Blackman, CPA and lawyer, is a retired partner of Blackman Kallick LLP and chairman emeritus of the New Century Bank, both in Chicago. He can be reached at 847-674-5295, e-mail [email protected], or on the Web at: WWW.TAXSECRETSOFTHEWEALTHY.COM.