Top 10 Metro Areas for Plumbers

June 24, 2021
While 2020 was a year that many industries would soon like to forget, plumbers’ popularity hit all-time highs.

According to Google search trends, searches for local plumbers and other contractors hit their highest levels in five years as more homeowners launched home improvement projects during the pandemic. Whether those homeowners had enough cash to pay for repairs and renovations or tried to do the work themselves and ran into trouble, the result was the same: a call or email to the local plumber.

Search data isn’t the only metric to support the rise in plumber contracting, either. In a September 2020 interview with NPR, Chief Economist Max Anderson noted that Americans are spending more on home improvements than they have in the history of the United States—a trend fueled by more time at home, low interest rates, and limited housing inventory.

With business booming, plumbing could be an appealing field of work. As with many service jobs, becoming a plumber doesn’t require a college degree. Rather, individuals can enroll in affordable trade schools or participate in an apprenticeship to sharpen their skill set. The typical plumber makes $56,330 annually, according to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), and the field will grow by 4% by 2029. That growth will open up nearly 21,000 new plumbing jobs in the next eight years. With the plumbing business bursting at the proverbial seams, we looked at where annual wages are on the rise.

On a national scale, plumbers earn 34.3% more than the median annual wage for all workers, according to data from the BLS. And while the national-level data indicates that being a plumber provides above-average pay, state-level data shows a highly regional industry where plumbers in the Midwest make far more than their counterparts in the Southwest, Southeast, and the Mid-Atlantic.

After adjusting for cost-of-living, Illinois, Minnesota, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Nebraska are among the states with the highest median annual wage for plumbers. High wages aren’t confined to the Midwest, though. Alaska has the second highest cost-of-living-adjusted wage for plumbers, while Oregon is fourth. Illinois pays the most with an adjusted salary of $95,544, followed by Alaska ($83,730) and Minnesota ($80,408). Those salaries are in stark contrast to the states with the three lowest adjusted wages: Florida ($43,119), New Mexico ($48,079), and North Carolina ($48,288). The disparity between Midwest states and the Southwest and Southeast is so great, adjusted yearly pay for plumbers in Illinois is more than Florida and New Mexico combined.

To find the best-paying locations for plumbers, researchers at Construction Coverage used wage and employment data from the BLS and cost-of-living data from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. For each location, the median annual wage for plumbers was adjusted up or down based on the relative cost of living. In expensive areas, wages were adjusted down to reflect lower purchasing power, while wages in less expensive areas were adjusted up to reflect greater purchasing power. Researchers also calculated the relative concentration of plumbers in each location compared to the national level.

Only locations with at least 100,000 people and available data from both the BLS and BEA were included in the analysis. Additionally, metropolitan areas were grouped into cohorts based on population size:

  • Large: 1 million or more
  • Midsize: 350,000–999,999 people
  • Small: 100,000–349,999 people

Here are the best-paying large U.S. metropolitan areas for plumbers. To view the original report, which includes a table with data on more than 300 metros and all 50 states, visit:

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